Category Archives: IT Support

Microsoft System Center

Microsoft Systems Center is all in one system management tool.  Often called SCCOM or Systems Center Operation Manager (SCOM) or its Original name SMS (Sytems Management Server.  On December 19th of 2018 Microsoft release, a new stable release called 1810 (Microsoft System Center).

System Center 1807 Now Available!

There are many system management tools out there; some ones I have used are:

  1. SolarWinds
  2. ConnectWise
  3. IPCenter
  4. System Center 2007

In my last TechNet Seminar; The Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager 2007 (ConfigMgr) Management Pack for System Center Operations Manager 2007. This Management Pack helps administrators manage and administer Configuration Manager 2007 servers. Was going to be the last version of System Center and Microsoft was the development of Endpoint Protection server.

Microsoft Endpoint Protection Server 2007 was the best if ask me, Antivirus and malware protection and it had a small footprint on a system.  The best feature is the Endpoint Protection download virus and malware signatures and definition from more than one vendors than one signature and definition servers.

Then Symantec Endpoint Protection had a large footprint on PC and a server, Older and some new PC would slow down, have performance issues and/or not enough hard-drive space. It also only got the virus and malware signatures and definition only Symantec.

Symantec Endpoint intrusion prevention and firewalls into the mix, which added to the pull on system resources and if not configured correctly from the beginning get in the way of production.  Some times deployment of a client package would bottleneck smaller internet gateways, cause internet outages. I often had re-push the package.

So, I dropped learning how to use System Center 2007 and studying it, now was used in 2007. It is now 2019 and I am getting a request for it. In 2019 more and more companies are using it as a signal resource management tool. If you Windows Systems Administrator (Wintel Systems Administrator) you need to know it.

In 2012; Microsoft launched System Center Configuration Manager 2012, released in 2012, was the product that made System Center 2012 made SCCM a widely use management tools.

So let look at Systems Center 2012 R2 :

  • Configuration Manager allows IT professionals to deploy operating systems, software apps and install updates. It can also maintain hardware and software inventories, and remotely administer computers.
  • Virtual Machine Manager enables users to create and manage virtual machines. It can interface with Microsoft Azure’s Hyper-V virtual machine hypervisor system. For admins who want to interface with existing VMware hypervisors, an add-on called System Center 2012 R2 Integration Pack for VMware vSphere is available at no additional cost.
  • Endpoint Protection is system security and antimalware client that allows administrators to monitor client workstations. It sends an email alert whenever it detects that malware has been installed.
  • Service Manager is System Center’s integrated IT service management platform, allowing IT professionals to track incidents, resolve problems and more. It interfaces with Operations Manager and Configuration Manager.
  • Operations Manager deploys a monitoring agent to each endpoint, and it is the main monitoring software included in the System Center pack. Add-ons allow monitoring for a wide range of services, such as Apache, Tomcat, VMware and SQL servers.
  • Data Protection Manager is a backup and disaster recovery product that’s compatible with multiple types of servers.

Personally, I have always tried to push Systems Center as an all in one tool, the system works with Cisco’s CDP protocol and SNMP protocol allowing to monitor both systems servers and a large majority of network devices.

You can monitor both Linux, Unix and MacOS systems, and most mobile devices.

System Center 2016 and Beyond.

First Systems is gear to working with Office 365 and Virtualization (optimized for Azure but can work with VMware ESX and AWS).

It has the following features:

  • Configuration Manager provides software deployment, distribution, update management, and configuration monitoring throughout an IT infrastructure. Configuration Manager automates many tasks associated with software deployment and maintenance while enforcing the organization’s software configuration policies and standards.
  • Data Protection Manager (DPM) enables disk-based data protection and recovery for file and application servers in an Active Directory domain. DPM backs up client systems, server file systems, Exchange databases, SharePoint data, and SQL databases on a continuous basis, allowing an organization to recover a single lost or corrupted file or restore an entire system.
  • Endpoint Protection is used with Configuration Manager to provide a single infrastructure for client management and security, including malware detection. It gives administrators a central location for creating and applying all client-related policies.
  • Operations Manager monitors the health of IT services across datacenter and cloud infrastructures. Operations Manager can provide IT departments with reports at defined intervals as well as alerts when immediate attention is necessary. Operations Manager can be used to monitor the performance of both server and client applications. Management packs — the sets of instructions that Operations Manager uses to monitor specific applications — are available for most current Microsoft server applications and operating systems, as well as many from third parties.
  • Orchestrator is a workflow management tool for automating the creation, monitoring, and deployment of IT resources. Orchestrator integrates with Microsoft and non-Microsoft products, allowing administrators to connect different systems without any knowledge of scripting or programming languages.
  • Service Manager facilitates implementing and automating IT service management (ITSM) best practices across an organization. Service Manager can provide IT departments with processes for incident and problem resolution, change control, and asset life cycle management.
  • Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) is a server application for administration and management of Microsoft and VMware virtual machine guests and virtual machine hosts. It provides network administrators real-time views of resource allocation and allows rapid reconfiguration.

The new features are VMM and Orchestrator. VMM manages Microsoft Hypervisor and VMware ESX server virtual machines. Help with asset management and workflow, you don’t have to integrate SharePoint and run scripts to create a report of assets in your inventory anymore Orchestrator is a great new feature.  In my past, it was always my job to figure out the end of life of the hardware and make plans to replace it, track warranties, etc.

Who should use Systems Center?

  • Small business who don’t have Data Protection (Backup Software) and Antivirus/Malware Protection.
  • Medium to Large business who don’t have Data Protection (Backup Software) and Antivirus/Malware Protection.

If you don’t have licenses for any of these products but need these products to get it in a one-shot deal.

Most place I have worked these use multiple solutions to manage the environment and have to manage multiple licenses and products that don’t always integrate well and maybe scripting is needed to deal with integration issues.

  • Companies who want a single solution and who want to manage multiple products.

Companies big or small should revisit Sytems Center.

Charles Lucas
The Otaku Computer Guy!


History:

System Center Configuration Manager has evolved since Microsoft originally released it as “Systems Management Server” in 1994. Significant releases include:

  • Systems Management Server 1.0, released in 1994 along with Windows NT Server 3.5. This initial release targeted the management of MS-DOS, Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT, Macintosh and OS/2 desktops on Windows NT Server, NetWare, LAN Manager, and Pathworks networks.
  • Systems Management Server 1.1, released in 1995 to help customers migrate to Windows 95.
  • Systems Management Server 1.2, released in 1996 with new remote-control, SNMP, inventory, and network monitoring capabilities.[4]
  • Systems Management Server 2.0, released in 1999 to help with Y2K remediation efforts.[5]
  • Systems Management Server 2003, released in 2003 with improved stability, reliability, and software-distribution capabilities.[6]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 2007, released in 2007 with support for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008.[7]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 2012, released in 2012 with significant changes to application deployment capabilities.[8]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1511, released in November 2015 to support Windows 10 and new Windows servicing options.[9]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1602, released March 11, 2016. New features include conditional access for PCs, Office 365 Update Management, greater management of mobile devices and of Windows 10.[10]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1606, released July 22, 2016. New features include support for managing new Windows 10 features like Windows Information Protection and Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection, improved integration with the Windows Store for Business supporting online and offline-licensed apps, and more.[11]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1610, released in November 2016 [12]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1702, released March 2017 [13]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1706, released July 2017 [14]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1710, released November 2017 [15]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1802, released March 2018 [16]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1806, released July 2018 [17]
  • System Center Configuration Manager 1810, released December 2018 [18]

Coming Soon!

I will be doing articles on Windows 2019 and Systems Center 2019; in the future. My new lab environment and production environment will be done in a few months and I be able to show demos.


References:

Backup and Restore the Registry – Guide for Windows XP, 7, 8, 8.1, 10

Before you begin any work on windows registry you should always back it up first,  Here is a list how. enjoy.

Charles O. Lucas – Otaku Computer Guy!


Backup and restore the registry in Windows XP

To back up the registry on a Windows XP computer, follow these steps:

  1. Click Start
  2. Click Run
  3. Type regedit in the search box and click OK to open the Registry Editor
  4. On the left pane, click Computer to select it
  5. From File, in the menu, click Export
  6. In the Export Registry File window, type a filename for this backup
  7. Then choose All under the Export range section and select a location on your system where you want to save the backup registry file, then click Save.

    Add a meaningful name for the backup file to distinguish different backup files, if you have multiples ones.

    You can save the file to Desktop.

The registry backup files are saved with this extension: .reg

To restore the registry in Windows XP, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Registry Editor: type regedit at Run and click OK
  2. Go to the File menu and click Import
  3. At the Import Registry File window, browse to locate the backup file (on the Desktop, if you saved it there)
  4. Select the file and click Open
  5. Once the import process is complete, restart your computer and log in back on your Windows XP computer

Windows XP regedit screen

Backup and restore the registry in Windows Vista

To backup the Registry in Windows Vista, follow these steps:

  1. Click Start
  2. Type regedit in the search box
  3. Click the regedit item from the search results list
  4. Click Continue, if you’re prompted by the UAC (User Account Control) warning message
  5. Select Computer from the left side. Make sure it’s selected.
  6. Go to File and then click Export
  7. At the Export Registry File, type a filename for the backup file and then choose All under the Export range section
  8. Select a location where you want to save the backup file
  9. Click Save

Backup files of the Registry are saved with this extension: .reg

To restore a previously created .reg file on a Windows Vista, follow these instructions:

  1. Open the Registry Editor: type regedit at the search box and click on the regedit item when it appears in the search results list
  2. At File, click Import
  3. At the Import Registry File screen, browse and select the backup .reg file that needs to be restored
  4. Click Open
  5. When the process is complete, restart your Windows Vista system

Windows Vista regedit screen

Backup and restore the registry in Windows 7

To backup the Registry on a Windows 7 system, follow these steps:

  1. Click Start
  2. Type regedit in the search box
  3. Click the regedit item appearing in the list
  4. Click Continue, if you’re prompted by User Account Control
  5. Select Computer from the left side. Make sure it’s selected.
  6. Go to File and then Export
  7. At the Export Registry File, type a name for the backup file
  8. Choose All under the Export range section
  9. Select a location where you want to save the backup file
  10. Click Save

The backup files are saved with this extension: .reg

=To restore a previously created backup file of the Registry in Windows 7, follow these instructions:

  1. Open the Registry Editor: type regedit at the search box and click on the regedit item when it appears in the search results list
  2. At File, click Import
  3. At the Import Registry File screen, browse and select the backup .reg file to be restored from your Desktop or from where you saved it
  4. Click Open
  5. Once completed, restart the computer to login back on your Windows 7 computer

Windows 7 regedit screen

Backup and restore the registry in Windows 8 or 8.1

To create a backup of the current Registry in a Windows 8 or 8.1 system, follow these steps:

  1. Go to Search or press the Windows and C key to open the Charm Bar
  2. Type regedit in the search box
  3. Click regedit from the search results list
  4. Click Yes, if you’re prompted by User Account Control
  5. Select Computer from the left side. Make sure it’s selected before you proceed to the next step.
  6. Go to File and then click on Export
  7. At the Export Registry File, type a name for the backup file
  8. Choose All under the Export range section
  9. Select a location where you want to save the backup file
  10. Click Save

Note: Any backup files of the Registry are saved with this extension: .reg

To restore the registry using a previously created .reg file on a Windows 8 or 8.10 system, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Registry Editor: type regedit at the search box and click on the regedit item when it appears in the search results list.To open the Search Bar, press the Windows and C keys.
  2. At File, click the Import option
  3. At the Import Registry File screen, browse and select the backup file you want to restore
  4. Click Open
  5. Once the process is complete, restart your computer and log back in on your Windows 8/8.1 computer

Windows 8 regedit screen

Backup and restore the registry in Windows 10

To create a backup of the current Registry in a Windows 10 system, follow these steps:

  1. Type regedit in the search box
  2. Click regedit from the search results list
  3. Click Yes, if you’re prompted by User Account Control
  4. Select Computer from the left side. Make sure it’s selected before you proceed to the next step.
  5. Go to File and then click on Export
  6. At the Export Registry File, type a name for the backup file
  7. Choose All under the Export range section
  8. Select a location where you want to save the backup file
  9. Click Save

Note: Any backup files of the Registry are saved with this extension: .reg

To restore the registry using a previously created .reg file on a Windows 8 or 8.10 system, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Registry Editor: type regedit at the search box and click on the regedit item when it appears in the search results list.
  2. At File, click the Import option
  3. At the Import Registry File screen, browse and select the backup file you want to restore
  4. Click Open
  5. Once the process is complete, restart your computer and log back in on your Windows 10 computer

Windows 10 regedit screen

More Information

Linked Entries

Support Links

Applicable Systems

This Windows-related knowledgebase article applies to the following operating systems:

  • Windows XP (all editions)
  • Windows Vista (all editions)
  • Windows 7 (all editions)
  • Windows 8 (all editions)
  • Windows 8.1 (all editions)
  • Windows 10 (all editions)

Reference: https://neosmart.net/wiki/backup-restore-registry/

 

Basics of Fixing and Windows 8 or 10 PC

I just opened a computer repair business from my home and I just got my first and I been working in IT for 15 years.  Here a some of my notes on repairing Windows 8 and 10 PC.

Generally, this for a corrupted OS. I post a later article on Malware and Virus removal.
The most import thing is below.

Important!!! Hardware needed!

Do not use a Bluetooth keyboard and mouse, I a regular keyboard and mouse for repair, because Bluetooth keyboard and mouse may work under the BIOS but lose connection when the BIOS gives control to the OS and if OS doesn’t boot or load properly you may not be able to boot the Windows OS in safe mode or recovery mode.

I found must problem can be solved in Window 8 and 10 once you access recovery mode, but during an Automatic Repair loop, when the PC just keeps going into repair and Bluetooth Keyboard can’t communicate with the OS.

So attach a good out USB wired keyboard to the PC for recovery.  Follow the steps below:

Getting into Recovery/Safe Mode:

  1. Press the Power Button three times and the system to boot into recovery/safe mode.

 

How can you get F8 work again? 

F8 boot menu feature is disabled on Windows 10 by default. The good news is you can get it to work again with the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) Edit command. BCD Edit is a tool written to control how the operating system is started. You can use it to enable the F8 boot menu easily. Just follow these steps:

1) On your keyboard, press Windows logo key and R key at the same time to invoke the run command.

2) Type cmd then press Ctrl+Shift+Enter to open an administrator command prompt. (Don’t just press Enter or click OK as that won’t open the command prompt in an administrator mode.)

3) Copy the following command and paste it in the Command Prompt. Then on your keyboard, press the Enter key.

bcdedit /set {default} bootmenupolicy legacy

4) Reboot your PC. Before the Windows logo appears, press F8 to access the Boot Options menu (see below screenshot). Then select Safe Mode.


 

Notes: If F8 is disabled by default if you want to use F8 you need to enable it. You can get F8 work again only when you’re able to access Windows. If you can’t start Windows normally, you need to use another effective way.

Thanks, Charles O. Lucas – the Otaku Computer Guy!


If the Windows including Windows 10 or Windows 8 fails to boot, it will launch its built-in tool –Automatic Repair to attempt to repair Windows. However, Automatic Repair has some limitations. Sometimes, like any other programs, Automatic Repair fails to work and you get an error message – Automatic Repair couldn’t repair your PC.

What should we do if we stuck in Windows Automatic Repair loop? How to solve this issue with ease?

Disclaimer: please always make a backup copy of your files before using any of the advice provided here. If not sure, seek qualified assistance before proceeding on your own!

Fortunately, Bootable installation media or Recovery Drive/System Repair Disc can help to fix Automatic Repair couldn’t repair your PC error. Here are 7 quick fixes to help you get out of Windows Automatic Repair loop.

Step 1 

Safe mode starts Windows in a basic state, using a limited set of files and drivers. It can help you troubleshoot problems on your PC. For example, if the problem doesn’t happen in safe mode, you’ll know default settings and basic device drivers aren’t causing the issue.

There are two versions of safe mode: Safe Mode and Safe Mode with Networking. They’re quite similar, but Safe Mode with Networking includes the network drivers and services you’ll need to access the Internet and other computers on your network.

Select from the following sections to find out how to start your PC in safe mode from either Setting, from the sign-in screen, or from a black or blank screen.

  1. Press Windows logo key  + I on your keyboard to open Settings. If that doesn’t work, select the Start button, then select Settings.
  2. Select Update & Security  > Recovery.
  3. Under Advanced startup, select Restart now.
  4. After your PC restarts to the Choose an option screen, select Troubleshoot Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart.
    Choose an option screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Troubleshoot screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Advanced options screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Startup Settings  screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
  5. After your PC restarts, you’ll see a list of options. Select 4 or press F4 to start your PC in Safe Mode. Or if you’ll need to use the Internet, select 5 or press F5 for Safe Mode with Networking.

From the sign-in screen

  1. Restart your device by pressing the Shift key while you select the Power button on the bottom right corner of the sign-in screen.
  2. After your PC restarts to the Choose an option screen, select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart.
    Choose an option screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Troubleshoot screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Advanced options screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Startup Settings  screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
  3. After your PC restarts, you’ll see a list of options. Select 4 or F4 to start your PC in safe mode. Or if you’ll need to use the Internet, select 5 or F5 for Safe Mode with Networking.

From a black or blank screen

Before you enter safe mode, you need to enter the Windows Recovery Environment (winRE). To do this, you will repeatedly turn your device off, then on:

  1. Hold down the power button for 10 seconds to turn off your device.
  2. Press the power button again to turn on your device.
  3. On the first sign that Windows has started (for example, some devices show the manufacturer’s logo when restarting) hold down the power button for 10 seconds to turn off your device.
  4. Press the power button again to turn on your device.
  5. When Windows restarts, hold down the power button for 10 seconds to turn off your device.
  6. Press the power button again to turn on your device.
  7. Allow your device to fully restart. You will enter winRE.

Now that you are in winRE, you will follow these steps to take you to safe mode:

  1. On the Choose an option screen, select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart.
    Choose an option screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Troubleshoot screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Advanced options screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
    Startup Settings  screen in the Windows Recovery Environment.
  2. After your device restarts, you’ll see a list of options. Select option 5 from the list or press F5 for Safe Mode with Networking.

If you need more info on a black or blank screen error, see Troubleshoot black or blank screen errors.

Other Methods

Method 1: Use Check Disk Utility

Connect the Windows installation media or Recovery Drive/System Repair Disc to your PC, select your language preferences, and finally click Next button to continue.

  1. Click Repair your computer at the bottom.
  2. Choose Troubleshoot>Advanced Options>Command Prompt.
  3. Type chkdsk /f /r C:and then press Enter
  4. Type exitand press Enter.
  5. Restart your PC to see if the problem is fixed or not.

Method 2: Fix Boot and Rebuild BCD via Command Prompt

  1. Open Command Prompt according to the steps in Method 1.
  2. Type exe /rebuildbcd and press Enter.
  3. Type exe /fixmbr and press Enter.
  4. Type exe /fixbootand press Enter.
  5. Type exit and press Enterafter completing each command successfully.
  6. Restart your PC. If you are still stuck in Windows Automatic Repair loop, try the next method.

 

Method 3: Restore Windows Registry

  1. In Windows Boot Options menu, choose Troubleshoot >Advanced Options>Command Prompt.
  2. In Command Prompt, type the following command in command prompt and then hit Enter.

cd C:\windows\system32\logfiles\srt\ (change your drive letter accordingly)

  1. Type txtto open the file in notepad.
  2. Press CTRL + O.
  3. Select “All files” from file type and navigate to C:\windows\system32.
  4. Right click CMDand select Run as administrator.
  5. Typecd C:\windows\system32\config and press Enter.
  6. Backup those files by renaming Default, Software, SAM, System and Security files to .bak.
  7. Type the following command one by one & hit enter: rename DEFAULT DEFAULT.bakrename SAM SAM.bak

rename SECURITY SECURITY.bak

rename SOFTWARE SOFTWARE.bak

rename SYSTEM SYSTEM.bak

  1. Typecopyc:\windows\system32\config\RegBack c:\windows\system32\config and press Enter.
  2. Restart PC.

Method 4: Delete the Problematic File

  1. Access Command Prompt again and enter the following command:

cd C:\Windows\System32\LogFiles\Srt

SrtTrail.txt

  1. Then, you could see “Boot critical file c:\windows\system32\drivers\tmel.sys is corrupt.”
  2. Now, type the following command to the problematic file.

cd c:\windowssystem32drivers

del vsock.sys

  1. Finally, restart PC. If these solutions can not help, please try the following troubleshooting steps to fix Windows Automatic Repair Fails to work.

Method 5: Disable Automatic Startup Repair

  1. In Command Prompt, type bcdedit /set {default} recoveryenabled No and press Enter.
  2. Restart your PC, the Automatic Startup Repair should be disabled and you might be able to access Windows 10 again.
  3. If you need to again enable it, you can type bcdedit /set {default} recovery enabled Yes in CMD and press Enter.

 

Method 6: Check Device Partition and OsdevicePartition

Sometimes, if your device partition values aren’t correct, you will stuck in Windows Automatic Repair loop. Now, follow these steps to remove the Windows 10 Automatic Repair couldn’t repair your PC error.

  1. In Command Prompt, type bcdedit and press enter.
  2. Find device partition and osdevice partition values and make sure their values are correct or set to correct partition. Because Windows comes preinstalled on C partition only, the default and correct value are C:.Enter the following commands and press Enter after each one if the value isn’t set to C:

bcdedit /set {default} device partition=c:

bcdedit /set {default} osdevice partition=c:

  1. After that, reboot PC and fix Automatic Repair couldn’t repair your PC error.

Method 7: Perform Refresh or Reset Your PC

If Windows Automatic Repair loop issue still exists after trying the above six solutions, you can try the last method- performing a refresh or reset- to fix Windows Automatic Startup Repair boot issue.

  1. ChooseTroubleshooting when the Boot menu appears.
  2. Choose between fresh your PC or Reset your PC.
  3. Follow the instructions to complete the process.

Note: no matter which you choose, your some data might be deleted during the refresh or reset process. It is recommended to backup your important files before taking this step. You can check this tutorial to know how to recover data when the PC won’t boot quickly and effectively.


Using Systems Restore:

System Restore

If you have enabled System Protection before and created a restore point, you can perform System Restore to fix Windows 10 /8 automatic repair loop.

Step 1 When you see Advanced Startup Options screen, click Troubleshoot > Advanced options > System Restore.

Step 2 Select a restore point that created before the automatic repair loop. Windows will restore your computer to the original status.


These are personal notes I have collected from various websites and my own personal experiences in the field.  They focus on using the built-in tools Microsoft built into Windows 8 and 10.

You should not need to buy someones third-party applications to fix your PC, and Use should using both Windows System Restore and Windows Backup utilities.  I will write and separate article on using Windows System Restore and Windows Backup to protect your PC. if you a google account the Google cloud backup is another great backup tool to protect your data.

Charles O. Lucas – the Otaku Computer Guy!


References

  1. https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/12376/windows-10-start-your-pc-in-safe-mode
  2. https://www.technology.org/2017/11/14/7-ways-fix-stuck-in-windows-automatic-repair-loop/
  3. https://www.fonepaw.com/windows/windows-10-automatic-repair-loop.html
  4. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10ISO
  5. https://www.fonepaw.com/windows/windows-10-automatic-repair-loop.html

Windows 10 ISO for PC Recovery

This ISO is making recovery tools to recover your Windows 10 PC, you need to have a License key to install one a full system or reboot a PC from scratch.

Charles O. Lucas – the Otaku Computer Guy!


Download ISO from Microsoft.com:

Windows 10 ISO

Notes from Microsoft

Make sure you have:

  • An internet connection (internet service provider fees may apply).
  • Sufficient data storage is available on a computer, USB or external drive for the download.
  • blank USB flash drive with at least 5 GB of space or blank DVD (and DVD burner) if you want to create media. We recommend using a blank USB or blank DVD because any content on it will be deleted.
  • When burning a DVD from an ISO file, if you are told the disc image file is too large you will need to use Dual Layer (DL) DVD Media.

Check these things on the PC where you want to install Windows 10:

  1. 64-bit or 32-bit processor (CPU). You’ll create either the 64-bit or 32-bit version of Windows 10 that’s appropriate for your CPU. To check this on your PC, go to PC info in PC settings or System in Control Panel, and look for System type.
  2. System requirements. See the system requirements before installing Windows 10. We also recommend that you visit your PC manufacturer’s website for info about updated drivers and hardware compatibility.
  3. Language in Windows. You’ll need to choose the same language when you install Windows 10. To see what language you’re currently using, go to Time and language in PC settings or Region in Control Panel.
  4. Edition of Windows. You should also choose the same edition of Windows. To check what edition you’re currently running, go to PC info in PC settings or System in Control Panel, and look for Windows edition. Windows 10 Enterprise isn’t available here. Please see the Volume Licensing Service Center for more information.
  5. Microsoft Office products. If you just purchased a new device that includes Office 365, we recommend redeeming (installing) Office before upgrading to Windows 10. To redeem your copy of Office, please see Download and install Office 365 Home, Personal, or University on your PC. For more information, check How to upgrade to Windows 10 on new devices that include Office 365.If you have Office 2010 or earlier and choose to perform a clean install of Windows 10, you will need to locate your Office product key. For tips on locating your product key, check to Find your Office 2010 product key or Enter the product key for your Office 2007 program.

 References:

  1. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10ISO

Hacker Labs Blacks in Computer and IT

n-RESEARCH-COMPUTER-628x314Yes, Black People are in Information Technology (I.T.). the world.

I have always had an interest in Computers

I am a person of color at am a Systems/Network Administration, current working for Vulcans Logic Networks Enterprise, Inc.

This Website is focused on learning about computers, computer systems, and networks, as well as a computer system and network security. This website and blog is a place for me to post my notes, research, and tips for Information technology, computer programming, computer operations, computer science and hacking; and anything else technology related blog. It only to provide help and information.

37300399_10100557956364723_7028654670700609536_nI have been working in I.T. for 15 years and I don’t know everything. Like martial arts (I am also a Martial Artist), your skills as a Systems & Network only get better over time and with content practice and training. This is about the art and training of the I.T. Professional.
This website and blog is a place for me to post my notes, research, and tips for Information technology, computer programming, computer operations, computer science and hacking; and anything else technology related blog. It only to provide help and information.

I recently started working for a friend part-time, who uses best practices in his IT management services business, the month has been a reminder of what I learned when I got into the IT industry and it has also been an eye-opener to how lazy I have gotten over the last 13 years, because I have been working for people who were doing things wrong.

This website and blog are about me retraining myself and the continued growth in the area of computer systems and networks.

CISCO Router Password List

I found this list of default passwords used in routers the may help you taking control of systems and networking equipment from another admin I lot of system and network admins are either too busy or lazy to change the default logins to there devices (sometimes they can’t). Please, change your default passwords if you can.


CISCO Router Password List

CISCO
Model
Default Username
Default Password
Cache Engine
admin
diamond
ConfigMaker
cmaker
cmaker
cva 122
admin
admin
CNR All
admin
changeme
Netranger/secure IDS
netrangr
attack
BBSM 5.0 and 5.1
bbsd-client
changeme2
BBSD MSDE Client 5.0 and 5.1
bbsd-client
NULL
BBSM Administrator 5.0 and 5.1
Administrator
changeme
Netranger/secure IDS 3.0(5)S17
root
attack
BBSM MSDE Administrator 5.0 and 5.1
sa
(none)
Catalyst 4000/5000/6000 All
(none)
public/private/secret
PIX firewall
(none)
cisco
VPN Concentrator 3000 series 3
admin
admin
Content Engine
admin
default
3600
Administrator
admin
AP1200 IOS
Cisco
Cisco
GSR
admin
admin
CiscoWorks 2000
guest
(none)
CiscoWorks 2000
admin
cisco
Ciso Aironet 1100 series Rev. 01
(none)
Cisco
2600
Administrator
admin
Aironet
(none)
_Cisco
Aironet
Cisco
Cisco
HSE
root
blender
HSE
hsa
hsadb
WLSE
root
blender
WLSE
wlse
wlsedb
Aironet 1200
root
Cisco
CallManager
admin
admin
WSLE all
wlseuser
wlsepassword
WLSE all
enable
(none)
Cisco Wireless Location Appliance 2700 Series prior to 2.1.34.0
root
password
MeetingPlace
technician
2 + last 4 of Audio Server chasis Serial case-sensitive + 561384
ONS all
CISCO15
otbu+1
2600 router
cisco
(none)
PIX 6.3
enable
(none)
Cisco677
NONE
blank
Cisco678
NONE
blank
Cisco675
NONE
blank
Cisco800Series
NONE
blank
DPC2325
unknown
unknown
EPC2425
blank
blank
EPC3825
unknown
unknown
Linksys-E3000
admin
admin
Linksys-E2000
admin
admin
DPQ3925
admin
admin
Linksys-E1000
admin
admin
870_Series
admin
admin
EPC3925
unknown
unknown
M10
admin
admin
Linksys-E1550
admin
admin
DPC3825
cusadmin
password
Linksys-E1200
admin
admin
Linksys-E1500
admin
admin
Linksys-E2100L
admin
admin
Linksys-E2500
admin
admin
Linksys-E3200
admin
admin
Linksys-E4200
admin
admin
Linksys-EA4500
admin
admin
Linksys-EA3500
admin
blank
Linksys-X2000
admin
blank
M20
admin
blank
Linksys-E900
admin
blank
Linksys-X3000
admin
blank
WRVS4400Nv2
unknown
unknown
X2000
admin
blank
X3000
admin
blank
Linksys-EA2700
admin
blank
RV-120W
admin
admin
RV180
admin
admin
DPC2320
blank
blank
DPC3925
blank
blank
DPC3828D
blank
blank
Otaku IT Computer Guy!

My Favorite Windows Server DNS, Forwarders Tab Config.

Recently, I have seen this a lot in windows environments; my follow windows admins try to solution DNS issues by putting their domain controllers in the environment in the forwarders tab.

The forwarders tab is for non-authoritative requests or queries for external addresses. Now in truth, I am simplifying this article. This really about a very basic domain or domains.

The are many types of forwarders, this config is just external DNS look-up. When end-users generally talk about the internet being slow, it is usually base the DNS servers by the ISP is slow and overload with a request.

This is the config I use for my dc’s forwarders in AD has saved a lot of headaches and complains about slow internet.

 I hope it is helpful.

4.2.2.1
4.2.2.2
4.2.2.3
4.2.2.2
8.8.8.8
8.8.4.4

Forwarders should only really be used for external DNS lookup and if the root server is an unavailable and/or non-authoritative request.

I will do another article about network congestion.